• This type of Congenital Heart Disease

    Congenital heart defects can generally be tolerated as long as the fetus was still inside the womb. This is because there is a relationship of blood flow (shunting) through the ductus arteriosus and foramen ovale which is a bypass of blood flow and helps the circulation of the fetus. Congenital heart disease is a general term used to refer to a series of birth defects affecting the heart. Problems generally only happens when the baby is born because at the time of birth, the fetus is closed and there were clinical symptoms of the congenital heart abnormalities.

     Congenital heart disease is very diverse kinds. Here are a few:

    1. Room bulkhead perforated Heart (Septal Defect Ventracular / VSD)

    VSD is a congenital heart disease in the form of a hole in the septum between the chambers of the heart that causes leakage of blood flow on the left and right chambers of the heart. These leaks make the most oxygen-rich blood back to the lungs that prevents low blood oxygen enters the lungs. When a small hole, VSD does not give significant problems. When large, the baby may have heart failure.

    VSD is a congenital heart disease the most common (30% of cases). The main symptoms of congenital heart outbreaks is the difficulty of feeding and growth disorders, shortness of breath and easily tired. Infants with large VSD to sleep after about breastfeeding, waking briefly as hungry, try feeding again but quickly tired, fell asleep again, and so on.

    2. Narrowing of the pulmonary valve (Pulmonary Stenosis / PS)

    Pulmonary stenosis is a narrowing of the pulmonary valve which controls the flow of low-oxygen blood from the right ventricle to the lungs. With this narrowing, the right ventricle must work harder to pump blood so that more and more enlarged (hypertrophy).

    Pulmonary stenosis is a congenital heart disease the second most common, occurring in 10% of cases. Many ASD patients newly diagnosed as an adult. If so, the impact may be very damaging form of lung disease, high stroke risk and low life expectancy.

    3. Heart Porch perforated septum (Atrial Septal Defect / ASD)
    ASD is a hole between two heart porch. These holes pose a similar problem with VSD, the oxygen-rich blood flows back into the lungs. ASD occurs in 5-7%? cases and occurs more frequently in girls than boys.

    4. Tetralogy of Fallot (Tetralogy of Falot / TOF)
    TOF is a complication of congenital heart disease are typical, and involved four conditions:

    -Bulkhead hollow chambers of the heart (VSD)

    -Narrowing of the pulmonary valve (PS)

    Right-room enlarged heart (hypertrophy)

    -The root of the aorta just above the hole VSD

    Congenital heart disease is the most common types of birth defects, six of every 1,000 babies born with the condition. Half of all babies born with congenital heart disease will require surgery soon after birth, while others may require surgery or drugs during their childhood, the more severe cases they have to take these drugs for life! 

    Congenital heart defects consisting of:

         Cyanotic abnormalities. Cyanotic abnormalities had an understanding that the baby has clinical symptoms of blue on the skin and mucous membranes (lips) are caused by increased concentrations of hemoglobin deoxygenation (hemoglobin that does not contain oxygen). Cyanosis occurred as a result of blood flow or oxygen-poor hemoglobin flow from the right heart into the left heart (right to left shunt) and flow throughout the body (due to a defect or malfunction of the heart septum). Oxygen-poor blood will not be able to meet the oxygen needs of tissues, giving rise to clinical symptoms of the skin and a bluish membrane
         Asianotik disorder is congenital abnormalities in the fetus that does not lead to complaints of blue. Asianotik disorders include disorders that come from left to right shunt or left heart blood flow to the right heart. Asianotik disorders include disorders intracardiac (inside the heart), heart valve stenosis or regurgitation (heart valve can be difficult to open or close properly).


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